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Items reviewed

Introduce Feature

Goal of Feature, what is trying to be achieved (problem solved, use cases, etc)

  • canvas was on cairo then cairo on top of direct2D
    • this removes cairo and replaces with Azure
  • Azure is a thinner wrapper and alows for more efficiency and better API map up
  • This is Windows only
    • For now?
    • cairo will cont on other platforms
    • & on Win where we do D2D
  • Azure is an in house developed platform
  • New implementation will be reachable directly through existing canvas functionality -- see also

What solutions/approaches were considered other than the proposed solution?

Why was this solution chosen?

^^ see above

Any security threats already considered in the design and why?

  • does not deal with content on websites, it's really in between
  • no specific threats considered
  • there was an info leak bug in cairo direct2D, this was taken into account bug 655836

Understanding the scope of Azure project

  • Canvas is (currently) the only place where Azure is a replacement. Elsewhere, it's in concert with existing code
  • Do we have a listing of what will using Cairo and what will using Azure (and what will using Cairo through Azure)?
  • No immediate plans to leave Cairo on nonD2D on windows, OS X will get Azure on top o core graphics, Linux will get Azure on top of Cairo
  • Fonts
    • Cairo doesn't really do fonts, freetype on Linux/OS X, and GDI on Win

Threat Brainstorming

  • Are we more worried about bugs in Azure itself, or in exposing OS APIs to attack that had previously been protected by API layers atop them (e.g. stateful or range-checking)?
    • both, right?
    • more worried about bugs in the new canvas implementation
  • Sec problems in D2D may be easier to exploit than previously as some of the layers are not there
    • Would these problems be specific to graphics cards or drivers? What kind of testing matrix do we need?
      • More likely to be bugs in D2D itself
  • Numerical thresholds?
    • Not many around pixels. Some around arcs.
    • Mostly floating point (in contrast to cairo which was mostly int), in part because D2D takes floats as input
      • The usual float concerns: NaN, Infinity, positive and negative zero, denorm, lost precision
  • Does the Azure API impose limits on the size being passed? (i.e. a very large image, larger than say the screen size)
    • No
  • What do you do when D2D returns errors?
    • Hopefully we don't draw it
    • Hopefully we don't draw uninitialized memory onto the screen
    • Hopefully we don't stop drawing the entire browser
    • Behavior here should be verified
    • D2D is restricted by texture size limits that are imposed by the graphics card
      • Normally fail if you try to create/render above limits
        • But then we fall back to a software (cairo) surface rather than giving up entirely
    • We should only get errors from D2D upon canvas creation (e.g. OOM), not upon drawing crazy shapes
      • Do we have assertions to verify this?
  • What happens when you resize a canvas?
    • Especially when you pass the size threshold while resizing?
      • And JS still has reference to a 2dcontext object?
    • Contents are lost?
  • What happens when you stretch the display of a canvas?
    • Not a big deal, basically goes through image-resize code.

Conclusions / Action Items

  • [bsterne] Fuzz canvas on top of Azure as a general fuzzing task
    • Especially radial gradients and fuzzy shadows, since those are things "done by Azure" rather than just passed to D2D
    • Is it stateless all the way down? Or does fuzzing need to take some kind of state into account?
      • Clipping is stateful. We'll often take different code paths depending on whether there's a clip or not.
    • We have a few canvas fuzzers in the private fuzzing repo
    • Do we have existing canvas tests in our test suite? Could be used for mutation fuzzing (mutate JavaScript that modifies canvas objects)
  • [jeff] bug 679868Add assertions to verify that D2D does not return errors except upon canvas creation
  • [QA?] Make sure we have regression tests for many of the questions above (e.g. what happens if you resize a canvas from tiny to huge and then reuse a 2dcontext JS object)
  • [curtisk] QA contact? Talk to Juan/Matt about the QA Lead about using items in this review to build test cases
    • {2011.08.19} Talked to Matt, Andrei is a contractor, they will use our notes to build test cases and get back to us to review them