Our onboarding flow has always been mainly a "default" experience — the result of many small decisions instead of a comprehensive plan. Largely that's a result of how we’re organized internally. If you look at onboarding from the user’s point of view, you’ll see the work of many individual teams with their own agendas and goals (e.g., Product, User Experience, Creative, Mozilla.org, Legal, Marketing, etc.). To address this, we’re taking a user-centric approach, working together as a cross-functional team to build a new onboarding experience in a holistic and systematic way.
We are preparing a Funnelcake test for mid-February 2017 (Bug 1322718). This focuses on creating a simple, consistent, beautiful install experience with minimal friction. It will also debut the automigration feature (automatically importing data from the default browser) and a redesigned New Tab page in place of the default home page.
Current Onboarding Flow
Here's a breakdown of what currently happens and some of the issues.
- Search Results:
- Download Page:
- User Account Control:
- Stub Installer:
- Import Wizard:
- Default Browser prompt: For Windows XP, Vista and 7 we have an opt-out checkbox in the stub installer. This is effective in making Firefox the default browser but it's seen as "sneaky" by people. Beginning with Windows 8, this method is no longer available and so we rely on a modal dialog on startup. This is
- Almost Done page: About 8% - 9% of people sign up for an account here. The problem is that this is not the right context for this ask - new users haven't had a chance to use the browser yet. In testing, about half of the participants assumed that creating an account was a requirement for using Firefox, and they expressed clear frustration with this perceived requirement and the sign-up process. In addition, none of the participants, whether they thought an account was required or not, understood the purpose of accounts. Additionally, accounts created via this page have a number of other issues:
- They are 2.7X more likely to enter a fake email address.
- They are 38% more likely to use a known bad password.
- They are 41% more likely to use an all number or all letter password.
- Data Choices infobar: This pops up 60 seconds into the first session, distracting from the current task. It also links directly to the Data Choices section of the Firefox Options where no context is given and where there is no clear way to return.
- New User experience: We don't have one in particular right now. After the Import Wizard and Almost Done page, people are on their own to figure things out.
- Returning User experience: We don't have one in particular right now. After Firefox opens people are on their own to figure what, if anything, is new or changed. If it's been more than 60 days since Firefox was used or if Firefox was reinstalled we show an infobar at the bottom of the window prompting the user to Refresh Firefox.
- Make bookmarks easier to understand (Fx 47 - 49): Research showed that many users were confused when they created a bookmark by clicking the star and they didn't see it visible in the top level of the the bookmarks menu (the animation having given them the impression that their bookmark "went in there"). One user spent 1:50 looking for her just saved bookmark. We identified a few improvements that we thought would fix this, including displaying the 5 most recent bookmarks in the top level of the menu. Subsequent testing confirmed that this did indeed solve the problem. Meta Bug 1219810
- Various quality improvements (Fx 46 - 52): We identified a number of smaller quality issues during our Onboarding Summit in Oct. 2015 that we also worked on in 2016.
- Bug 1041514 - Don't show default browser prompt on first run if a user opts out in the installer
- Bug 384336 - Firefox window should start up maximized on first run on small screens
- Bug 1229614 - Make the firstrun page responsive
- Bug 1274633 - Remove additional first run pages
- Bug 1229636 - Remove new tab first time use message
- Bug 1229626 - Firefox is not pinned to the taskbar when using the stub installer and not making it the default browser
- Bug 1189038 - When Firefox is the default browser you shouldn't be able to uncheck the check on startup setting
- Bug 1232679 - Improve the Firefox start menu tile on Windows 8/10
- Art and Copy updates to the Download Page (Early 2016): In user testing, people said our download page was clean, simple and professional. But they were sometimes confused by the browser window without content that sat at the bottom of the page and they generally agreed that it didn't provide any real reason to download Firefox. It worked well if you were already convinced to try Firefox - all you had to do was click the big download button. If you needed more information, you couldn't get it without clicking though to secondary links. In addition the page was missing "Firefox's personality" which was something we identified in the Onboarding Summit. So beginning in early 2016, we developed new artwork and added copy explaining why you should choose Firefox. The initial test is here in Bug 1256241. There were further revisions that resulted in the page we use today.
- Search Engine Marketing (2014 - ongoing): 90% of people who end up on our download page get there from a web search. Research showed that a large number of people click on search ads knowing full well that they are ads but expecting, through experience, that companies buy the ads for their own products so this link should take them to the right place. The problem with Firefox is that we had ruled this out as cost prohibitive. In our absence, third-parties bought ads against our brand terms (e.g. "firefox", "download firefox", "mozilla"). This resulted in having the majority of test participants end up on third-party sites where Firefox was used as a lure to install crapware (and worse) on their computers. It was a horrible experience. We’ve fixed this problem with an ongoing SEM campaign. So now we have an ad followed by our #1 organic result. This has resulted in millions more finding the correct download page and has also increased our organic downloads.
- Allow for a "like-new" experience for Returning Users (Fx 25 & 49): Firefox stores the user's data in the profile folder which persists across updates and reinstallations. Normally, this is great. The issue is that most problems manifest as something wrong in the profile folder. This sometimes results in a user who either stops using Firefox for a long time or who uninstalls it. Then at some later time, they update or reinstall Firefox resulting in an updated copy with the same old profile and thus the same old problems. To address this we've build two extensions of the Refresh feature that prompt people with a Refresh command when they haven't used Firefox for more than 60 days or after a reinstallation. To be truly effective, we think we'll need to make this process automatic in the future.
- Updating, Returning and New user tours for Australis (Fx 29 - Now Decommissioned): Australis was the codename for the Firefox UI update released with Firefox 29. We created a tour for Returning and Updating Firefox users to explain what was new. Read more about that here. We also repurposed this for New Firefox users for a number of releases before moving it to the help menu. It was finally decommissioned in September 2016.