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MozillaWiki Handbook
Software help for MozillaWiki — see page histories for older versions.
Handbook Contents | Other help

The namespace "Special:" consists of "special pages". These have no corresponding wikitext; they are created by the software on demand. Some depend on the preferences that have been set, e.g. classic or enhanced Recent Changes, and the number of titles in Recent Changes and the watchlist, etc.

Contents

Example of alphabetic list as a special page

In the case of alphabetic lists of pages, ASCII order is used. In particular, a-z come after A-Z. The blank space within a page name is treated as an underscore, and therefore comes after the capitals, and before the lower case letters. However, a "blank space" after the name comes before any character. Sometimes a special character looks like a regular letter, but has a special code anyway.

Thus we have the order PC, PCX, PC Bruno, PCjr, Κ�?�?ια Σελίδα.

For the allowed characters in the lower range the order is:

!%&'()-./[0-9]:;?[A-Z]_[a-z]

Other special characters come at the end.

Special pages for all users

Special pages 
Special:Specialpages : A list of the other special pages
Preferences 
Special:Preferences : Set your user preferences. (MediaWiki User's Guide: Setting preferences)
My watchlist 
Special:Watchlist : Show the pages you are watching. (Watchlist help)
Recent changes 
Special:Recentchanges : The latest edits in the project. The header is Project:Recentchanges, e.g. for Wikipedia en:Wikipedia:Recentchanges; links to Recent Changes of many language versions of Wikipedia are in Meta:Recentchanges/All languages; see also Recent changes help
Upload file 
Special:Upload : Upload a file to the wiki. (Upload help)
Image list 
Special:Imagelist : List of images uploaded that can be sorted by size or date
User list 
Special:Listusers : A list of all registered users.
Admins list 
Special:Listadmins : A list of all Administrators
Statistics 
Special:Statistics : total number of pages and users
Random page 
Special:Randompage : redirects to a random page from the main namespace which is not a redirect
Orphaned pages 
Special:Lonelypages : Meta:Orphaned articles
Uncategorized pages 
Special:Uncategorizedpages : Pages without category tags (note that after adding a tag to a page refreshing this page does not immediately reflects the change)
Unused images 
Special:Unusedimages
Wanted pages 
Special:Wantedpages : Meta:Most wanted articles
Short pages 
Special:Shortpages - pages in the main namespace, with size (of the wikitext excluding that of templates used) in bytes, in order of increasing size
Long pages 
Special:Longpages - pages in the main namespace, with size in bytes, in order of decreasing size
New pages 
Special:Newpages : new pages in the main namespace - newest pages in the main namespace, with creation date and time, current size, user who created the page, and first edit summary, in reverse order of creation
Oldest pages 
Special:Ancientpages - pages in the main namespace, with creation date and time, in order of creation
Dead-end pages 
Special:Deadendpages : Pages without any outgoing links.
All pages 
Special:Allpages : Meta:All pages by title : pages in the main namespace in alphabetical order; may be temporarily disabled.
List of blocked IP addresses and usernames 
Special:Ipblocklist : Blocked IPs and usernames
Book sources 
Special:Booksources : en:Wikipedia:ISBN
Categories 
Special:Categories
Export pages 
Special:Export : Exports the source of individual wiki pages, optionally with their histories, in a thin XML wrapper which includes metadata (time, etc).
Version 
Special:Version : The version of the software the site is currently running
Wikimedia Board of Trustees election 
Special:Boardvote : Voting software for the now finished elections

Restricted special pages

Block user 
Special:Blockip : Sysop only. Used to block or unblock users, IPs and ranges of IPs.
Restore deleted page 
Special:Undelete : Sysop only. One way to undelete a page.
Make a user into a sysop 
Special:Makesysop : Bureaucrat only.
Lock database 
Special:Lockdb : Developer only. Puts the wiki in read only mode.
Unlock database 
Special:Unlockdb : Developer only. Puts the wiki in read/write mode.
Show process list 
Special:ShowProcesslist : Developer only.

Currently unavailable special pages

SQL query 
Special:Asksql : Sysop only. Database interface for running queries. Currently disabled.
All system messages 
Special:Allmessages : Displays all pages in the MediaWiki namespace. Currently disabled.
Unicode Converter 
Special:UnicodeConverter : Converts Unicode to HTML entities : Not currently available outside of the test wiki
Import pages 
Special:Import : Sysop only. Imports a page from another wiki. Currently disabled.
Popular pages 
Special:Popularpages : The most visited pages. Currently disabled.
Maintenance page 
Special:Maintenance : Currently disabled.

Logs

Miscellaneous

Special pages can be linked to as usual, like [[Special:Recentchanges]], except when they have parameters, then the full URL has to be given, like an external link, for example https://wiki.mozilla.org/w/wiki.phtml?title=Special:Recentchanges&days=3&limit=10 (last 10 changes). A redirect to a Special page is not recommended because of its complications, see redirect#Inter-wiki redirects and redirects to Special pages.

"Special:" in URLs is e.g. "Speciaal" in Dutch, "Spezial" in German, "Speciális:" in Hungarian and "מיוחד:" in Hebrew. See e.g the prefix of "Recentchanges" in the URL of the link to the Recent changes.

See also

Help contents

Reading: Go | Search | URL | Namespace | Page name | Section | Link | Backlinks | Piped link | Interwiki link | Redirect | Variable | Category
Tracking changes: Recent | (enhanced) | Related | Watching pages | Page history | Diff | User contributions | Edit summary | Minor edit
Logging in and preferences: Logging in | Preferences | User style
Editing: Overview | New page | Images/files | Image description page | Special characters | Formula | Table | EasyTimeline | Template | Renaming (moving) a page | Automatic conversion of wikitext | Talk page | Testing
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