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QA SoftVision Team/Mobile/Robocop automation setup

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Contents

General Info

  • This document will help you set up the enviroment and create the builds to test, create and run automated tests using Robocop
  • In order to run the tests you will need one build to be installed on the device - the Firefox Mobile build - and a second desktop build to send the commands to device - the automation build.

Steps to setup enviroment and start running tests

Note:

  • If in the terminal you run "sudo su" remove the sudo command used before each command found here
  • Do not run sudo mode when working with hg

Detailed steps

Install Java

  • Download the java package form HERE - download the .tar.gz version
  • Extract the content to /home/java-7-oracle
  • Move the content of the folder to /usr/lib/jvm
sudo mkdir -p  /usr/lib/jvm/ #just in case
sudo mv java-7-oracle /usr/lib/jvm/
  • Get java from the 3rd party repository
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java7-installer

Install ccache

  • ccache will help speed up the compilation process when recompilating newer versions of the code
  • Run in terminal
sudo apt-get install ccache
  • Add ccache to the PATH variable
    • Enter root by running:
 sudo su
    • Run export to set the PATH variable
 export PATH=/usr/lib/ccache:$PATH
  • Extend the ccache to improve build time:
ccache --max-size 8G

Install gold linker

  • Using the gold linker improves the linking time reducing the compile time significantly
sudo apt-get install binutils-gold

Install Mercurial

  • Here is a link to the detailed information about Installing and setting up mercurial
  • To install Mercurial run in a Terminal the following commands:
sudo apt-get install python-setuptools python-dev build-essential
sudo easy_install -U mercurial

Configuring Mercurial and downloading sources

  • All content of the configuration is general. Please update field where needed to work with your configuration

Mercurial configuration

  • Create the file .hgrc in your home directory – you can use $ sudo gedit and save the file with the name .hgrc
  • Add in $HOME/.hgrc
[ui]
username = Your Real Name <user@example.com>
merge = internal:merge

[diff]
git = 1
showfunc = 1
unified = 8
[defaults]
commit = -v

Configure mq

  • Add in .hgrc
[extensions]
mq =
[defaults]
qnew = -U
[mq]
plain = True

Configure repository

  • Add in .hgrc
[paths]
try = ssh://hg.mozilla.org/try/

Download sources using Mercurial

  • Replace <src> with desired directory
  • Clone the sources twice: 1 for the mobile build and one for the automation build
  • In order to clone the source code run the hg clone command
hg clone http://hg.mozilla.org/mozilla-central/ <src> 
  • Change "mozilla-central" to "mozilla-inbound", "mozilla-aurora", "mozilla-beta" or "mozilla-release" depending on which branch you want to run the tests on
  • Cloning the sources to a specific revision
 hg clone -r <revision> http://hg.mozilla.org/mozilla-central/ <src>

Update sources

  • run command in the source directory
hg pull -u

Adding a patch to the repository

  • The repository needs to be a clean repository in order to apply the patch

Adding the patch

hg qimport <patch_name>

Pushing the changes localy

hg qpush -v

Refreshing the files

hg qrefresh

Install and configure Android SDK and NDK

  • in order to run tests you will need the Android SDK (Software development kit) and the Android NDK (Native-code development kit)

Install Geko Requirements

  • Run in the terminal the command
sudo apt-get build-dep firefox

Install ia32-lib binaries

  • These binaries are required in order to get the Android SDK to work on Linux x64
  • Run in the terminal the command
sudo apt-get install libglapi-mesa:i386
sudo apt-get install ia32-libs-multiarch
sudo apt-get install ia32-libs

Install Android NDK

  • Download the archive and unpack it
wget http://dl.google.com/android/ndk/android-ndk-r8e-linux-x86_64.tar.bz2
tar -xjf android-ndk-r8e-linux-x86_64.tar.bz2

Install Android SDK

  • Download the archive and unpack it
wget http://dl.google.com/android/android-sdk_r22.0.5-linux.tgz
tar -xzf android-sdk_r22.0.5-linux.tgz

Update Android SDK

  • You can run the update form the Android sdk manager. Just run the "android" script from android-sdk-dir/tools/. Current used version of Android SDK is 22.0.5
  • Make sure you have Android SDK platform-tools 18.0.1 and Android SDK build-tools 17 and 18.0.1
  • it is also a good idea to add the lines in the .profile file found in /home the command to make android sdk available from anywhere
export PATH=$PATH:/home/<user>/android-sdk-linux/platform-tools:/home/<user>/android-sdk-linux/tools

Change permissions for SDK and NDK

  • Change the permissions for sdk and ndk and also for the .android folders to make sure they can be accessed from anywhere
chmod 0777 -R sdk_or_ndk_dir
chmod 0777 -R .android

Create .mozconfig files

  • You have to create a .mozconfig file for each build
  • Use gedit or any other file editor to create the .mozconfig file in the root directory of the build
  • In the sources you can find the standard build mozconfigs here: mobile/android/config/mozconfigs/android/nightly
  • Update the filepaths in the config file to mirror the locations on your system

Config file for the automation build (Desktop Build)

ac_add_options --enable-application=browser
mk_add_options MOZ_OBJDIR=./objdir-firefox

Mozconfig for ARMv7 (Firefox Mobile)

 . $topsrcdir/browser/config/mozconfig
mk_add_options MOZ_OBJDIR=@TOPSRCDIR@/obj-android
mk_add_options MOZ_MAKE_FLAGS="-s -j8"
ac_add_options --enable-debug
ac_add_options --enable-optimize
ac_add_options --with-ccache
ac_add_options --disable-crashreporter
# Android SDK/NDK
ac_add_options --with-android-ndk="/home/adriantamas/android-ndk-r8e"
ac_add_options --with-android-sdk="/home/adriantamas/android-sdk-linux/platforms/android-16"
ac_add_options --with-android-version=9
# Android options
## Native UI:
ac_add_options --enable-application=mobile/android
ac_add_options --target=arm-linux-androideabi
ac_add_options --with-endian=little 

Mozconfig for ARMv6 builds

 . $topsrcdir/browser/config/mozconfig
mk_add_options MOZ_OBJDIR=@TOPSRCDIR@/obj-android
mk_add_options MOZ_MAKE_FLAGS="-s -j8"
ac_add_options --enable-debug
ac_add_options --enable-optimize
ac_add_options --with-ccache
ac_add_options --disable-crashreporter
# Android SDK/NDK
ac_add_options --with-android-ndk="/home/adriantamas/android-ndk-r8e"
ac_add_options --with-android-sdk="/home/adriantamas/android-sdk-linux/platforms/android-16"
ac_add_options --with-android-version=9
# Android options
## Native UI:
ac_add_options --enable-application=mobile/android
ac_add_options --target=arm-linux-androideabi
ac_add_options --with-arch=armv6
ac_add_options --with-endian=little

export MOZ_PKG_SPECIAL=armv6


Mozconfig for X86

 . $topsrcdir/browser/config/mozconfig
mk_add_options MOZ_OBJDIR=@TOPSRCDIR@/obj-android
mk_add_options MOZ_MAKE_FLAGS="-s -j8"
ac_add_options --enable-debug
ac_add_options --enable-optimize
ac_add_options --with-ccache
ac_add_options --disable-crashreporter
# Android SDK/NDK
ac_add_options --with-android-ndk="/home/adriantamas/android-ndk-r8e"
ac_add_options --with-android-sdk="/home/adriantamas/android-sdk-linux/platforms/android-16"
ac_add_options --with-android-version=9
# Android options
## Native UI:
ac_add_options --enable-application=mobile/android
ac_add_options --target=i386-linux-android
ac_add_options --with-endian=little 

Make the builds

  • The object folders for the builds are obj-android and can be found in the source directory

Make the builds

  • run command in the source directory for each build
  • make sure the PATH variable is updated with the path to the Android SDK in each terminal
make -f client.mk

Make the Android package

cd obj-android/
make package

Install the package on Android

  • The package can be found in the "source directory"/obj-android/dist/
  • Run the command from the android-sdk-linux/platform tools folder
./adb install /home/<user>/<sourse directory>/obj-android/dist/fennec-18.0a1.en-US.android-arm.apk

Uninstall the package

  • You will need to remove both the automation build and the robocop apk in order to ensure that there will be no conflicts when you install a build from another branch or you run automation from builds made on other machines
  • To find the package name
adb shell pm list packages
  • To uninstall the package
adb uninstall <package_name>
  • The package name should start with org.mozilla.<build_name>

Run Tests

Set up the MOZ_HOST_BIN environment variable

  • The variable should point to the bin directory of the automation (desktop) build
  • The command can be added to .profile for convinence or just run in the Terminal
export MOZ_HOST_BIN=/ABSOLUTE/PATH/TO/FIREFOX/SOURCE/{objdir}/dist/bin

Running all the tests

  • Run command from the object directory under the Firefox mobile source repository
make mochitest-robotium

Running a single test

  • testLoad is the name of one of the tests
TEST_PATH=testLoad make mochitest-robocop

Copy the terminal to a file for test results logging

make mochitest-robotium | tee logfile.txt
                 or
TEST_PATH=testLoad make mochitest-robocop | tee logfile.txt

Run tests remotely via the SUTAgent

  • In order to run tests remotely you will need to setup the SUTAgent (How to install)
  • The device will have to be in the same network as the pc you are trying to run the tests from
  • After getting the IP of the device just substitute the variables in the command:
 _virtualenv/bin/python _tests/testing/mochitest/runtestsremote.py --robocop-path=./dist --robocop-ids=./dist/fennec_ids.txt --console-level=INFO --log-file=./mochitest-robotium.log --file-level=INFO  --dm_trans=sut --app=org.mozilla.fennec_root --deviceIP=192.168.77.104 --xre-path=/home/adriantamas/desktopc/objdir-firefox/dist/bin --robocop=./build/mobile/robocop/robocop.ini 
  • If you want to select which tests, from the existing tests in the build, to run in the testrun just create a robocop.ini file and specify it with the --robocop variable

Run tests via adb to behave as remote

  • You can run tests through adb but using the runtestsremote script
  • Run the command in a terminal with admin privilages from the obj-android directory of the mobile build
 _virtualenv/bin/python _tests/testing/mochitest/runtestsremote.py --robocop-path=./dist --robocop-ids=./dist/fennec_ids.txt --console-level=INFO --log-file=./mochitest-robotium.log --file-level=INFO  --dm_trans=adb --app=org.mozilla.fennec_root --deviceIP= --xre-path=/home/adriantamas/desktopc/objdir-firefox/dist/bin --robocop=robocop.ini  
  • In this run the --robocop parameter is set to get a robocop.ini file from the obj-android directory. You can either set it to the same as the remote run via SUTAgent to run all the tests all you can make a copy of it in obj-android and activate what tests you want to run or make multiple copies of the same test to run it over and over