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Stylo (a.k.a. Quantum CSS) will integrate Servo's CSS style system into Gecko, such that the style system code can be shared by Gecko and Servo. Stylo V1 will support Firefox on Windows, macOS, and Linux. Android support may ship in a later release. Stylo is a core part of Project Quantum.

To help test Stylo, download Firefox Nightly. To confirm that Stylo is enabled, check about:support for "Stylo: true (enabled by default)". If it's not, then set the about:config pref layout.css.servo.enabled to true.

For a deep dive into Stylo internals, check out Lin Clark's Mozilla Hacks blog post "Inside a super fast CSS engine: Quantum CSS (aka Stylo)".

Getting Involved

If you're interested in contributing to Stylo or Servo, drop by the #servo IRC channel on Mozilla's IRC server.

One front where you can help out is adding new properties to Servo's CSS parsing crate. This requires familiarity with Rust, but is otherwise a good way to dip your toes into Servo's style system. To get started, see Servo's CSS property hacking guide for more information.

If you do not know Rust, you can help implement keyword properties. See the Stylo hacking guide for more details. The Stylo hacking guide also has instructions for building Stylo if you wish to play with it yourself. If you know C++, Firefox bug 1277133 has information about easy Gecko bugs that will assist Stylo's integration with Gecko.

Some Stylo bugs that are good for new Servo contributors are tagged on GitHub as “easy” bugs and “less-easy” bugs.

Committing stylo changes

The process for committing a Stylo change that involves both Gecko and Servo changes is as follows:

  1. Create a Github PR against https://github.com/servo/servo with the Servo changes in question.
  2. Get that reviewed and checked into Servo's github repository.
  3. Wait for servo-vcs-sync to land the Servo changes on Gecko's autoland.
  4. Land the Gecko changes on autoland.

A more exhaustive / overwhelming description of the workflow is also available.

Try Syntax

For most Stylo changes, it should be sufficient to build on all platforms and test on Linux 64-bit only, which helps save resources in automation. To do this, you can use:

./mach try -b do -p all -u all[x64]

To build and test all Stylo platforms running in automation, you can use:

./mach try -b do -p linux,linux64,linux64-haz,macosx64,win32,win64 -u all

To build all possible platforms to ensure code compiles everywhere, but only test with Stylo enabled, you can use:

./mach try -b do -p all -u all[linux32,linux64,linux64-stylo-sequential,macosx64,windows7-32,windows10-64]

Release Criteria

Stylo should not cause us to regress any CSS feature unless we explicitly decide that regressing that specific feature is acceptable. The existing test suite will be the primary benchmark of this, with cross-validation from an automated analysis and manual QA of the Alexa Top 500 sites.

  • Stylo should be enabled by default on all desktop platforms.
  • Stylo should have zero P1 and P2 bugs.
  • Stylo should pass all (non-disabled) Gecko reftests and mochitests.
  • Stylo should support at least as many CSS properties as than Gecko. Firefox = 375. Stylo = 375. Chrome = 276. DONE!
  • Stylo should pass visual diff testing for the Alexa top sites. (bug 1331552) DONE!
  • Stylo's sequential mode performance on Talos tp5 and tp6 should be at least as fast as Gecko's.
  • Stylo's parallel mode performance on Talos tp5 and tp6 should be faster than Gecko's. Ideally, Stylo should scale linearly with the number of cores.
  • Stylo's performance on Speedometer should be at least as fast as Gecko's.
  • Stylo's memory usage (as measured by AWSY and user telemetry) should not exceed to Gecko's by more than X% (TBD).
  • Stylo's crash rate should be less than or equal to Gecko's.
  • Stylo's user engagement metrics should be greater than or equal to Gecko's.
Linux32 Linux64 macOS Win32 Win64 Android
Build bug 1366050 bug 1374824 bug 1375774 bug 1384258 bug 1384258 bug 1366049

(enabled 2017-11-23)

AWSY not tested 1% regression 1% regression 2% regression 3% regression 0% change
Speedometer not tested linux64 Perfherder macOS Perfherder win7-32 Perfherder

win8-32 desktop

win10-32 reference laptop

win10-64 Perfherder

win8-64 desktop

win10-64 reference laptop

not tested
StyleBench not tested linux64 Perfherder macOS Perfherder win7-32 Perfherder win10-64 Perfherder not tested
tp5 not tested linux64 macOS win7-32 win10-64 tp4m (tiny improvement)
tp6a not tested not tested macOS win7-32 win10-64 not tested
tp6f not tested not tested macOS win7-32 win10-64 not tested
tp6g not tested not tested macOS win7-32 win10-64 not tested
tp6y not tested not tested macOS win7-32 win10-64 not tested
Autophone not tested not tested not tested not tested not tested remote-blank (tiny improvement)

remote-nytimes (tiny regression)

remote-tsvg (tiny regression bug 1420369)

remote-twitter (tiny regression bug 1420369)




  • Enable Stylo in Nightly (bug 1330412) (dependencies)
    • Implement parsing of all CSS properties supported by Firefox
    • Fix and enable all tests (without skipping or expecting failure)
    • Fix all crashes and assertion failures
      • Fuzz Stylo
      • Pass [Auto-tools/Projects/BugHunter Bughunter]
    • Manual QA sign-off
      • Smoke test Alexa Top N sites
      • Exploratory testing of browser UI and features


  • Stylo meta bug 1243581 (dependencies)
  • Run experiment comparing Stylo vs Gecko on engagement ratio, performance, crash rate, and memory usage.
  • Let Stylo ride the trains
    • Enable Stylo on all platforms (bug stylo-nightly)
      • Pass QA on all platforms (tests, fuzzing, BugHunter)
  • Ship Stylo to Release


P1 Bugs

Full Query
ID Priority Summary Keywords Assigned to
1435940 P1 stylo: Consider using invalidation for media feature values change Emilio Cobos Álvarez [:emilio]
1440682 P1 stylo-chrome: XUL tooltips are not displayed Emilio Cobos Álvarez [:emilio]
1436018 P1 Disable Stylo microbenchmark on Windows Ionuț Goldan [:igoldan], Performance Sheriffing
1420423 P1 stylo: Large regression on some talos tests when enabling stylo-chrome
1421374 P1 stylo: Regression on AWSY when enabling stylo-chrome
1428736 P1 stylo: Crash in style::properties::{{impl}}::build crash
1430706 P1 stylo: geckoservo::glue::Servo_ParseStyleAttribute is slower than Gecko's old CSS parser on ARM
1440640 P1 stylo: The search suggestions hint is not vertically centred with Dark/Light themes on Linux after dynamically switching theme

8 Total; 8 Open (100%); 0 Resolved (0%); 0 Verified (0%);

[stylo:p1] bugs:

Full Query
ID Priority Summary Keywords Assigned to
1437695 -- Add temporary "stylo-only" build job Kim Moir [:kmoir] ET

1 Total; 1 Open (100%); 0 Resolved (0%); 0 Verified (0%);

P2 Bugs

Full Query
ID Priority Summary Keywords Assigned to
1351737 P2 stylo: Large code size for property value parsing Bobby Holley (:bholley)
1405880 P2 stylo: Assertion failure: !HasAnyOfFlags(kAllServoDescendantBits | NODE_NEEDS_FRAME) in [@ mozilla::dom::Element::UnbindFromTree] assertion, testcase Emilio Cobos Álvarez [:emilio]
1422522 P2 stylo: GitHub page loading time is slower due to worse querySelectorAll performance. Emilio Cobos Álvarez [:emilio]
1422651 P2 stylo: Style sharing is effectively disabled for elements with XBL bindings, which may affect stylo-chrome. Emilio Cobos Álvarez [:emilio]
1436782 P2 The preferences sheet is effectively a UA sheet on stylo instead of a user sheet. Emilio Cobos Álvarez [:emilio]
1420369 P2 stylo: 6.21 - 6.54% remote-tsvg / remote-twitter (android-6-0-armv8-api16, android-7-1-armv8-api16) regression on push db56323cd08f4883e4824199b441a3141be655e5 (Thu Nov 23 2017) perf, regression Makoto Kato [:m_kato]
1391341 P2 stylo: Font size inherits differently than in Gecko dev-doc-complete, regression
1395112 P2 Remove the old style system (and use Stylo everywhere)
1413654 P2 stylo: We rely on the initial ResolveStyleFor call when computing the body style for scroll propagation to deal with updating the stylist
1418902 P2 stylo: Stop updating animation data on pseudo elements whose content value is changed to 'none' reproducible
1421545 P2 Update test_bug1150308.html to work with Shadow DOM v1 and stylo
1422615 P2 stylo: Stop cascading an element for restyling if the element has display:none
1426295 P2 stylo: SVG images use more memory than Gecko
1434130 P2 stylo: Port InspectorUtils to be based on information from stylo rather than the old style system
1422416 P2 stylo: No need to mark uncacheable for style adjustment based on reset properties only Xidorn Quan [:xidorn] UTC+10

15 Total; 15 Open (100%); 0 Resolved (0%); 0 Verified (0%);

[stylo:p2] bugs:

Full Query
ID Priority Summary Keywords Assigned to
651120 -- Remove DOM node child array storage leave-open, perf Cătălin Badea (:catalinb)

1 Total; 1 Open (100%); 0 Resolved (0%); 0 Verified (0%);

P3 Bugs

Full Query
ID Priority Summary Keywords Assigned to
1358955 P3 stylo: Update SMIL animations that depend on the cascade Brian Birtles (:birtles, travelling 20-26 Feb)
1370604 P3 stylo: Consider preloading the style sharing cache with styled siblings during incremental restyle Boris Zbarsky [:bz] (no decent commit message means r-)
1345688 P3 stylo: align binary representations of computed keyword values and eliminate the match statements Cameron McCormack (:heycam) (away for the moment)
1409183 P3 stylo: Assertion failure: !mInStyleRefresh in [@ mozilla::ServoRestyleManager::ContentStateChanged] assertion, testcase Cameron McCormack (:heycam) (away for the moment)
1395488 P3 stylo: shrink nsStyleDisplay, nsStylePosition and ServoComputedData Emilio Cobos Álvarez [:emilio]
1405899 P3 stylo: Element::Matches using stylo is slower than using Gecko in some cases Emilio Cobos Álvarez [:emilio]
1406875 P3 stylo: Figure out how quirks mode and XBL stylesets should interact Emilio Cobos Álvarez [:emilio]
1422653 P3 stylo: We spend a ridiculous amount of time in GetFlattenedTreeParentNodeInternal / StyleChildrenIterator on stylo-chrome. Emilio Cobos Álvarez [:emilio]
1438234 P3 stylo: Interaction of shorthands and prefs isn't great. Emilio Cobos Álvarez [:emilio]
1388566 P3 stylo: Don't flush throttled animations if the root element has normal dirty descendants bit in PreTraverse() Hiroyuki Ikezoe (:hiro)
1429713 P3 Make -webkit-appearance as an alias of -moz-appearance with pref off in stylo Louis Chang [:louis]
1413497 P3 stylo: tests/editor/reftests/824080-2.html test bug fails on Android/styloVsGecko Makoto Kato [:m_kato]
1363971 P3 stylo: Different handling of place-{content,items,self} shorthand
1375222 P3 Stylo: Lots of 48-byte stack locals being copied in style::properties::PropertyDeclaration::parse_into
1375225 P3 Stylo: Redundant object copies in style::properties::PropertyDeclaration::parse_into
1376082 P3 stylo: The hover generation is never updated, and we seem to be fine with it.
1397380 P3 stylo: Investigate sources of stylo memory overhead on the html single-page spec
1400510 P3 stylo: Add refcount logging for servo_arc so we can detect reference cycles that cause leaks
1400771 P3 stylo: preshints (mapped attributes) not handled correctly for elements created from non-docshell-associated document
1400915 P3 stylo: Still have a lot of Display, Position, Border structs on the HTML5 page even with STYLO_THREADS=1
1401074 P3 stylo: handle modifications to UA sheets by invalidating UA CascadeData cache
1402212 P3 stylo: display value of non-existent pseudo flex item is not blockified
1403511 P3 stylo: Stack overflow crash in geckoservo::glue::Servo_Element_ClearData crash, regression
1404633 P3 stylo: Crash in OOM | unknown | alloc::oom::oom | style::properties::StyleStructRef<T>::mutate<T> crash, regression
1405633 P3 stylo: Run other stylo tests in rusttests tasks
1406693 P3 stylo: Crash in core::result::unwrap_failed<T> | style::custom_properties::substitute_one crash, regression
1408323 P3 stylo: consider generating nsStyleConsts.h values from Servo
1408351 P3 Stylo: Crash in style::invalidation::stylesheets::StylesheetInvalidationSet::scan_component crash, regression
1410784 P3 stylo: scrollbar doesn't show on layout/reftests/bugs/558011-1.xul
1411008 P3 stylo: thread '<unnamed>' panicked at 'called `Option::unwrap()` on a `None` value', /checkout/src/libcore/option.rs:335:20 assertion, crash, testcase
1411119 P3 stylo: Assertion failure: !preTransformOverflows (GetVisualOverflowRect() won't return the pre-effects rect!), at /builds/worker/workspace/build/src/layout/svg/nsSVGIntegrationUtils.cpp:104 assertion, testcase
1412441 P3 stylo: Merge structs.rs into bindings.rs
1412774 P3 stylo: 1133905-4-v-rtl.html is always failure on Android/styloVsGecko
1413533 P3 stylo: Consider making the bloom filter handle :-moz-any and such.
1413731 P3 stylo: Investigate whether opaquing types more aggressively can help reduce build time
1414902 P3 stylo: Assertion failure: !GetStyleContextInMap(aMap, aContent) (Already have an entry for aContent), at /builds/worker/workspace/build/src/layout/base/nsFrameManager.cpp:205 assertion, testcase
1414941 P3 stylo: Assertion failure: mAllowZoom == aNewData.mAllowZoom (expected mAllowZoom to be the same on both nsStyleFonts) [@ nsStyleFont::CalcDifference] assertion, testcase
1415236 P3 enable-stylo build fails probably when system-nspr is used
1416903 P3 stylo: OOM crash in core::result::unwrap_failed<T> | style::selector_map::MaybeCaseInsensitiveHashMap<T>::entry<T> crash
1417578 P3 stylo: Audit internal properties that are accidentally exposed.
1417991 P3 stylo: Worse style system performance than Gecko in https://s.codepen.io/tomhodgins/debug/ggWMpg perf
1419943 P3 stylo-chrome: permafailure browser_aboutURLs.js | leaked 2 window(s) until shutdown [url = about:downloads]
1419953 P3 stylo-chrome: M-e10s(ss) on macOS may become permafailure after enabling stylo-chrome
1420680 P3 Loading woff fonts triggers bogus mixed content warnings in different tab's console (Stylo) regression
1423964 P3 stylo-chrome: Gecko_GetDocumentLWTheme and ThreadSafeGetDocumentLWTheme show up in profile
1424253 P3 stylo: non-default "font.minimum-size." pref value breaks table layout
1424671 P3 stylo: Update the tests of clamping the negative values on background-size and mask-size
1425700 P3 CSS property use counters not recorded when Stylo is enabled
1426681 P3 stylo: Crash in style::values::specified::image::{{impl}}::parse crash, regression
1427035 P3 stylo: Crash in style::stylist::{{impl}}::add_stylesheet<T> crash
1427679 P3 stylo: Drop some tables in stylist for SVG-as-image when no SMIL presents
1428036 P3 stylo: Add the CSS string which is parsed to crash report annotations
1431285 P3 Stylo performs poorly at least in some cases on many-core machines
1435949 P3 stylo: Consider changing how media_feature_affected_matches works
1436676 P3 Remove the telemetry probe for parallel stylo traversals.
1437785 P3 stylo: Author style disabling doesn't stop using @page, @font-face, @counter-style, etc. rules from author sheets
1383868 P3 stylo: Incorrect blockification of kids of display:inline-flex element that is not a flex container Xidorn Quan [:xidorn] UTC+10

57 Total; 57 Open (100%); 0 Resolved (0%); 0 Verified (0%);

[stylo:p3] bugs:

Full Query
ID Priority Summary Keywords Assigned to
1437452 -- Consider doing PGO on rust code Emilio Cobos Álvarez [:emilio]
1433386 -- Run StyleBench on AWFY

2 Total; 2 Open (100%); 0 Resolved (0%); 0 Verified (0%);

Bugzilla Queries

Priority Definitions:

  • P1: Blocks shipping, more urgent. We should be working on these now/ASAP.
  • P2: Blocks shipping, less urgent. We can wait a few weeks to start working on these.
  • P3: Might block shipping. Needs re-evaluation, potentially closer to the deadline.
  • P4: Doesn't block shipping, but nice to have.
  • P5: Don't need to track.