Security/Firefox security bug fixing

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A bug has been reported as security-sensitive in Bugzilla and received a security rating.

If this bug is private - which is most likely for a reported security bug - the process for patching is slightly different than the usual process for fixing a bug.

Here are security guidelines to follow if you’re involved in reviewing, testing and landing a security patch. See Security/Bug_Approval_Process for more details about how to request sec-approval and land the patch.

Keeping private information private

A security-sensitive bug in Bugzilla means that all information about the bug except its ID number are hidden. This includes the title, comments, reporter, assignee and CC’d people.

A security-sensitive bug usually remains private until a fix is shipped in a new release, and after a certain amount of time to ensure that a maximum number of users updated their version of Firefox. Bugs are usually made public after 6 months and a couple of releases.

From the moment a security bug has been privately reported to the moment a fix is shipped and the bug is set public, all information about that bug need to be handled carefully in order to avoid an unmitigated vulnerability to be known and exploited out there before we release a fix (0-day).

During a normal process, information about the nature of bug can be accessed through:

  • Bug comments (Bugzilla, GitHub issue)
  • Commit message (visible on Bugzilla, tree check-ins and test servers)
  • Code comments
  • Test cases
  • Bug content can potentially be discussed on public IRC/Slack channels and mailing list emails.

When patching for a security bug, you’ll need to be mindful about what type of information you share and where.

In commit messages

People are watching code check-ins, so we want to avoid sharing information which would disclose or help finding a vulnerability too easily before we shipped the fix to our users. This includes:

  • The nature of the vulnerability (overflow, use-after-free, XSS, CSP bypass...)
  • Ways to trigger and exploit that vulnerability
    • In commit messages, code comments and test cases.
  • The fact that a bug / commit is security-related :
    • Trigger words in the commit message or code comments such as “security”, “exploitable” or the nature of a security vulnerability (overflow, use-after-free…)
    • Security approver’s name in a commit message.
  • The Firefox versions and components affected by the vulnerability.
  • Patches with an obvious fix.

In Bugzilla and other public channels

In addition to commits, you’ll need to be mindful of not disclosing sensitive information about the bug in public places, such as Bugzilla:

  • Do not add public bugs in the “duplicate”, “depends on”, “blocks” or “see also” section if these bugs could give hints about the nature of the security issue.
    • Mention the bugs in comment of the private bug instead.
  • Do not comment sensitive information in public related bugs.
  • Also be careful about who you give bug access to: double check before CC’ing the wrong person or alias.

On IRC, Slack channels, GitHub issues, mailing lists: If you need to discuss about a security bug, use a private channel (protected with a password or with proper right access management)

During Development

Testing sec-high and sec-critical bugs

Pushing to Try servers requires Level 1 Commit access but content viewing is publicly accessible.

As much as possible, do not push to Try servers. Testing should be done locally before checkin in order to prevent public disclosing of the bug.

If you need to push to Try servers, make sure your tests don’t disclose what the vulnerability is about or how to trigger it. Do not mention anywhere it is security related.

Obfuscating a security patch

If your security patch looks obvious because of the code it contains (e.g. a one-line fix), or if you really need to push to Try servers, consider integrating your security-related patch to non-security work in the same area. And/or pretend it is related to something else, like some performance improvement or a correctness fix. Definitely don't include the bug number in the commit message. This will help making the security issue less easily identifiable. (The absolute ban against "Security through Obscurity" is in relation to cryptographic systems. In other situations you still can't rely on obscurity but it can sometimes buy you a little time. In this context we need to get the fixes into the hands of our users faster than attackers can weaponize and deploy attacks and a little extra time can help.)

Requesting sec-approval

See Security/Bug_Approval_Process for more details

Landing tests

Tests can be landed after the release has gone live and not before at least 4 weeks following that release.

The exception is if a security issue has never been shipped in a release build and has been fixed in all development branches.

Making a security bug public

This is the responsibility of the security management team.

Essentials

  • Do not disclose any information about the vulnerability before a release with a fix has gone live for enough time for users to update their software.
    • This includes code comments, commit messages, tests, public communication channels.
  • If any doubt: request sec-approval?
  • If any doubt: needinfo security folks.
  • If there’s no rating, assume the worst and treat the bug as sec-critical.

Documentation & Contacts

Normal process for submitting a patch: https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Mozilla/Developer_guide/How_to_Submit_a_Patch

How to file a security bug: Security/Fileabug

Handling Mozilla security bugs (policy): https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/about/governance/policies/security-group/bugs/

Security Bug Approval Process: Security/Bug_Approval_Process

Contacting the Security team(s) at Mozilla: Security